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In 1980, the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (UFAW) organized the first international scientific symposium on "The Ecology and Control of Feral Cats" in London, where TNR experiences in the U. In 1982, UFAW published a booklet promoting TNR: Feral Cats: Suggestions for Control.In 2008, the Scottish Wildcat Association began utilising trap-neuter-return as a way to prevent hybridisation between feral cats and the locally endangered Scottish wildcat as part of the Wildcat Haven project.If those locations are deemed unsafe or otherwise inappropriate, the cats may be relocated (barn/farmyard homes are often considered ideal TNR is the most widely implemented method of managing cat populations.The main goal of a TNR program is the reduction of the feral cat population; other goals may include but are not limited to increased adoption rates, increased cat health, increased cat quality of life, and improved human-cat interactions. Hammond "fought many battles with local authorities, hospitals, environmental health departments" but stated that she succeeded over the years in showing that control "could be achieved by neutering and not killing". The symposium was considered a "watershed occurrence" where attitudes toward feral cats began to shift toward humane treatment.
of TNR shows that community cat populations indeed decline. K., The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds states that there is no evidence that cat predation "is having any impact on bird populations UK-wide".This practice is no longer recommended, due to problems such as unreliable results, the high cost of testing, and the low incidence of the viruses.TNR is endorsed by the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) as "the most humane, effective and financially sustainable strategy for controlling free-roaming cat populations" The Humane Society of the United States has also endorsed "community-based Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) programs with on-going responsible management as the most viable, long-term approach available at this time to reduce feral cat populations".Allie Phillips, director of the National Center for Prosecution of Animal Abuse, states that stray and feral cats are often seen as unsympathetic, and less worthy of the legal protection which she believes they merit.Other governments within Canada with laws or policies supporting TNR are described in the list of governments supporting trap-neuter-return.