Dating the old testament book

One of the twelve prophets; an eighth-century prophet from Tekoa in Judah, he preached to the northern kingdom and emphasized social justice and the coming Day of Yhwh. Greek term for a religiopolitical federation with its common focus a sanctuary dedicated to God; an association of neighboring states or tribes in ancient Greece that banded together for common interest and protection; this model has sometimes been used to describe the tribal confederation in the period of the judges (prior to Saul and David) in ancient Israel.

In Old Testament study this term refers to the forebears of the nation of Israel—the patriarchs and matriarchs of the Hebrews, usually Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebekah, Jacob and Rachel and Leah, and sometimes the twelve sons of Jacob.

In Judaism the covenant is a major theological concept referring to the eternal bond between God and the people of Israel grounded in God’s gracious and steadfast concern (Hebrew chesed) that calls for the nation’s obedience to the divine commandments (mitzvot) and instruction (torah).

For followers of Christianity (for example, Paul), God has made a “new covenant” (rendered as “new testament” in older English) with the followers of Jesus in the last times, superseding the “old covenant” (“old testament”) with Moses at Sinai (see Jeremiah –34).

(2) Often called “ancient Near East” in scholarly literature, the large region of southwest Asia that includes Mesopotamia and territories bordering the Mediterranean Sea; modern nations included within this designation are Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.

To pour oil over the head; this was part of a ritual of designation by which priests and kings were initiated into office.

The authorized collection of material constituting the sacred writings of a religious community; the material is believed to have special, usually divine, authority; the Hebrew Bible is the canon of the Jewish community; the Old and New Testaments (respectively, with and without the Apocrypha) are the canon of the Roman Catholic and Protestant Christian communities. then” form: “ If this is the situation, . (3) (from Greek for “universal, worldwide”) A self-designation used in early Christianity to suggest universality as opposed to factionalism; it then became a technical name for the Western, Roman Catholic Church.

(C) Legal sayings with modifying clauses often in the “if . Abbreviation meaning “ Common Era”; a nonsectarian term for the period traditionally labeled AD (anno domini or “in the year of our Lord”) by Christians; thus, 1999 CE references the same year as AD 1999. Gifted, filled with the divine, with divinely given powers, or with God’s spirit.

(4) To ask God to bring something tragic or disastrous on someone or something else; the opposite of blessing; as a noun, it is the description of the bad thing that will happen as in the curses and blessings of the law.This state may be linked with ecstasy or trance, which is reported to have been experienced by the early prophets and by Saul, the first king. cherubim) An angelic being, in appearance something like a human but with wings; they were mythical celestial winged creatures prominent in Temple decoration; cherubim were considered God’s ruling council; also called the host of heaven.(from Greek christos, “anointed one”; Greek translation of Hebrew meshiach) Applied to Jesus/Joshua of Nazareth by his followers as a title, but soon came to be treated as a sort of second name. /Christianity The followers of Jesus of Nazareth who believe him to be the Jewish messiah (christos) of God; Christianity is the collective body of Christians who believe the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.Years in parentheses after the name of a king indicate the years of the king’s reign BCE.The first father (patriarch) of Israel; first called Abram, God made a covenant with him in which God promised to make him a great nation; Isaac was his son by Sarah, and Ishmael was his son by Hagar. ammey ha’aretz; Hebrew for “people of the land”) A term used in the Hebrew Bible for “citizens” or some particular “class of citizens”; in rabbinic literature, for persons or groups that dissented from or were uninstructed in rabbinic halakah and rigorous purity and tithing norms; it sometimes signifies the unlearned, sometimes is used condescendingly (“boor”), and it was also used of the broad mass of Jewish people of the first century CE, who cannot be categorized into any of the subgroups of the time.

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